Financial Liberalization -Interest Rates and Lending Behavior in Tanzania :1984-1997
Fredrick M. Ruhara
Download Article | Published On 01/07/2000


The experience with financial liberalization is rather mixed. There are success stories and there are cases of failure. However financial sector liberalization school predicts improved performance if there is right sequencing of the reform programme. Increased savings following from increased positive interest rates increased efficiency in the allocation of credit and financial integration in the economy are some of the expected outcomes. Tanzanian experience and that of other countries show that the expectations about financial sector liberalization are not attainable even where there is the right sequencing of the reform process. In particular capital rationing under financial sector liberalization is not explained by this school. This paper studies the Tanzanian experience in light of the experiences from other countries and finds out that the expected results of interest rates and lending behavior are not as predicted. These contradictory outcomes are explained using the new multinational school. The timing and sequencing of the reform programme is also analyzed to check whether it might have influenced the results.

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