Safety management is probably not a very young profession. The role of any safety professional is to identify how and why accidents happen and to suggest control measures to limit their happening. Safety management describes how to establish and implement a safety function at an enterprise level. This paper, attempts to (a) give a background information on safety management (b) list down the principles of safety management, (c) point out the importance of safety management, (d) explain Accidents implication to industrial performance and (e) suggest some control measures. T his will be done by taking Morogoro canvas Mill In Tanzania and Foundary and Machine shop in India as case studies.